One important test involved the evacuation of 560 volunteers from a cabin mock-up via the aircraft's emergency chutes. [76], International flights bypassing traditional hub airports and landing at smaller cities became more common throughout the 1980s, thus eroding the 747's original market. Evergreen Aviation Technologies Corporation of Taiwan was contracted to complete modifications of 747-400s into Dreamlifters in Taoyuan. [4], Responding to requests from Japanese airlines for a high-capacity aircraft to serve domestic routes between major cities, Boeing developed the 747SR as a short-range version of the 747-100 with lower fuel capacity and greater payload capability. ", "Investigation of a Micro-Fighter / Airborne Aircraft Carrier Concept", "Supplementary Type Certificate ST01912LA Installation and removal of internal tanks, associated systems and support structure for the aerial dispersant of liquids", "Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy 308911 SOFIA Quick Facts", "Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA)", "Boeing nets 57 new orders, including big VIP planes. Rolls-Royce followed 747 engine production with a launch order from British Airways for four aircraft. [12], The desire to keep the number of engines to four required new engine designs with greatly increased power and better fuel economy. [115] On July 29, 2020, Boeing confirmed that the final 747 would be delivered in 2022 as a result of "current market dynamics and outlook" stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic, according to CEO David Calhoun. Boeing, Douglas, and Lockheed were given additional study contracts for the airframe, along with General Electric and Pratt & Whitney for the engines. ", "Boeing Launches New, Longer-Range 747-400", "Boeing's 747-8F lifts off on maiden flight", "Boeing Sets 747-8 Freighter Delivery Schedule for Mid-Year 2011", "Boeing pushes 747-8F delivery back to mid-2011/", "Lufthansa conducts inaugural flight of world's first Boeing 747-8 Intercontinental passenger aircraft from Frankfurt to Washington, D.C.", "Boeing starts work on replacing Air Force One", "Volga-Dnepr Group acquires 20 Boeing 747-8 freighters", "Boeing's 747 Struggles Indicate Large-Aircraft Market Decline", "Boeing: UPS Orders 14 Additional 747-8 Freighters, Plus Four 767 Freighters", "Fifty years on, Boeing's 747 clings to life as cargo carrier", "Boeing Quietly Pulls Plug on the 747, Closing Era of Jumbo Jets", "Boeing slashes output, delays 777X to 2022 and confirms end for 747", "Boeing 747-100/200/300 Technical Specifications. It has a pronounced 37.5° wing sweep, allowing a Mach 0.85 (490 kn; 900 km/h) cruise speed, and its heavy weight is supported by four main landing gear legs with four-wheel bogies each. The variant is designed to be quieter, more economical, and more environmentally friendly. 2 undelivered Boeing testbeds) as of June 2020, econ. At the end of 2015, the company had 20 orders outstanding. First Flight of the Boeing 747 on Feb 9th, 1969 (50 years ago) Today, February 9, 2019, is the fiftieth anniversary of the first flight of the Boeing 747, aptly nicknamed the Jumbo Jet (after an enormous nineteenth century Sudanese bush elephant in PT Barnum’s circus). The 747 was found to be largely immune to "Dutch roll", a phenomenon that had been a major hazard to the early swept-wing jets. Of the 1,544 produced, 890 are retired; as of 2018[update], a small subset of those which were intended to be parted-out get $3 million D-checks before flying again. [134] The -100BSR had a 600,000 lb (270 t) MTOW and was powered by the same JT9D-7A or General Electric CF6-45 engines used on the -100SR. [194], Boeing announced a new 747 variant, the 747-8, on November 14, 2005. ", "FAA Registry: Aircraft Inquiry: N-481EV", GE AVIATION DONATES 747-100 TESTBED TO MUSEUM, "Historic Aircraft Lands at Air and Space Museum. May 2005 came along and at that period, countries around the world began the process of bidding for the upcoming 2012 Olympic and Paralympic games, with UK Prime Minister Tony Blair signing a 747 to support London’s bid to host the games. In 1987, Boeing re-opened the 747SP production line after five years to build one last 747SP for an order by the United Arab Emirates government. This comeback helped the airframer financing arm Boeing Capital to shrink its exposure to the 747-8 from $1.07 billion in 2017 to $481 million in 2018. ", "Boeing 747 Celebrates 30 Years In Service. Deliveries are scheduled through 2022. The company considered locations in about 50 cities,[39] and eventually decided to build the new plant some 30 miles (50 km) north of Seattle on a site adjoining a military base at Paine Field near Everett, Washington. The Boeing 747-400 variants were delivered by 1989, and July saw the aircraft commence its first commercial flight, flying between LHR, Philadelphia (PHL) and Pittsburgh (PIT) using G-BNLC (L.N.734/MSN 23910). As a derivative of the already common 747-400, the 747-8 has the economic benefit of similar training and interchangeable parts. In 1979, Qantas became the first airline in the to operate an all Boeing 747 fleet with seventeen. [75] Later, Delta acquired 747s again in 2008 as part of its merger with Northwest Airlines, although it retired the 747-400 fleet in December 2017. Boeing has studied a number of 747 variants that have not gone beyond the concept stage. [226] However, airlines were not interested in the project and it was canceled in 1988 in favor of the 777. ", "Virgin Orbit performs LauncherOne aircraft flight tests -", "Cosmic Girl takes LauncherOne on its first captive carry flight test –", "FAA Regulatory and Guidance Library (PDF). [247], Few crashes have been attributed to design flaws of the 747. "World Airliner Census". Boeing announced the 747-500X and -600X at the 1996 Farnborough Airshow. Thisdell, Dan and Seymour, Chris. [34][35] The wing's complex three-part flaps increase wing area by 21 percent and lift by 90 percent when fully deployed compared to their non-deployed configuration. [109], On July 27, 2016, in its quarterly report to the Securities and Exchange Commission, Boeing discussed the potential termination of 747 production due to insufficient demand and market for the aircraft. ", "Boeing Delivers First 747-300 Special Freighter To Atlas Air", "Technical Specifications – 747 Classics", "Qantas's final Boeing 747-300 heads for graveyard. With increased economy class seating, up to 498 passengers could be carried in early versions and up to 550 in later models. [36], Boeing agreed to deliver the first 747 to Pan Am by the end of 1969. And then, sadly, the COVID-19 pandemic came around. Although the C-141 Starlifter was being introduced, officials believed that a much larger and more capable aircraft was needed, especially to carry cargo that would not fit in any existing aircraft. [141] The -200 was the first 747 to provide a choice of powerplant from the three major engine manufacturers. No freighter version of this model was developed, but many 747-100s were converted into freighters. Track British Airways (BA) #747 flight from Cardiff, Wales to Cardiff, Wales. [58] The 747 received its FAA airworthiness certificate in December 1969, clearing it for introduction into service. [132], The initial order for the -100SR – four aircraft for Japan Air Lines (JAL, later Japan Airlines) – was announced on October 30, 1972; rollout occurred on August 3, 1973, and the first flight took place on August 31, 1973. [56][57] However, these difficulties did not prevent Boeing from taking a test aircraft to the 28th Paris Air Show in mid-1969, where it was displayed to the public for the first time. Britain's last 747 passenger jet makes final flight before new life as US troop carrier. Following significant success within a four-year period on the type, the airline placed an order for four Boeing 747-200, powered by Rolls-Royce engines. [152], The 747-200B was the basic passenger version, with increased fuel capacity and more powerful engines; it entered service in February 1971. BA received its first Boeing 747-200 on June 22, 1977, and the airline went on to operate a total of 24 passenger 747-200s that were delivered between 1977 and 1988. [149][150], While the 747-100 powered by Pratt & Whitney JT9D-3A engines offered enough payload and range for medium-haul operations, it was marginal for long-haul route sectors. ", "Historic 747 reaches grim end in South Korea", James Bond Casino Royale modified Boeing 747-XXX on show ahead of movie première, "Swedish Hotel Fashioned From An Old Jumbo Jet", "Old PIA plane takes new flight as airport security turns it into restaurant: reports", "ASF says its PIA jumbo jet 'restaurant' actually an officers' mess", "Malibu 'Wing House' made of 747 plane parts", "The wing house – a house made out of an old Boeing 747", "747-8 Airplane Characteristics for Airport Planning", "Premiere of Boeing 747-8 Intercontinental", "Boeing 747-8 technical description & cutaway", "Statistical Data for the Boeing-747-400 Aircraft in Commercial Operations", "Boeing revises "obsolete" performance assumptions", "The most iconic aircraft in film history", "Pre-fatigued 2219-T87 and 6061-T6 aluminium alloys. In August of that same year, more 777 were ordered by the airline, with orders for five firm 747 and seven options being cancelled as a result. [30] The engine technology was thought to be capable of delivering double the power of the earlier turbojets while consuming one–third less fuel. [144] In addition to airline use, one 747SP was modified for the NASA/German Aerospace Center SOFIA experiment. [4], The 747-100B model was developed from the -100SR, using its stronger airframe and landing gear design. [146][165] The 747-300SR, a short range, high-capacity domestic model, was produced for Japanese markets with a maximum seating for 584. Subsequent test evacuations achieved the 90-second goal but caused more injuries. [178], The -400 was offered in passenger (-400), freighter (-400F), combi (-400M), domestic (-400D), extended range passenger (-400ER), and extended range freighter (-400ERF) versions. The 747-8's fuselage is lengthened from 232 to 251 feet (70.8 to 76.4 m),[195] marking the first stretch variant of the aircraft. [299], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, American wide-body long–range commercial jet aircraft, For design details of a particular generation, see, Further developments and end of production, split numbers denote different limits depending on exit types installed, Mecham, M. "In review: 747, Creating the World's First Jumbo Jet and Other Adventures from a Life in Aviation. [134] Overall, twenty-nine 747SRs were built. In 1965, Joe Sutter left the 737 development program to design the 747, the first twin aisle airliner. 1048/MSN 27349) was sent to its final home of Castellon (CDT) for storage. [91], Since the arrival of the 747-400, several stretching schemes for the 747 have been proposed. ", "Boeing Puts Last Dreamlifter In Service", "Boeing 747 Dreamlifter Achieves FAA Certification. Some early -100s were retrofitted with the new configuration. The first 747-400BCF was redelivered in December 2005. After several studies, the stretched 747-8 was launched on November 14, 2005, with new General Electric GEnx engines, and was first delivered in October 2011. Similar in nature to the 747-X, the stretched 747 Advanced used technology from the 787 to modernize the design and its systems. [37] The schedule was so fast-paced that the people who worked on it were given the nickname "The Incredibles". [230] Freighter versions of the 747X and 747X Stretch were also studied. Later, as airlines began to use the upper deck for premium passenger seating instead of lounge space, Boeing offered an upper deck with ten windows on either side as an option. [41] Besides the passenger model, two other versions (-300M, -300SR) were produced. [4] Initial competition came from the smaller trijet widebodies: the Lockheed L-1011 (introduced in 1972), Douglas DC-10 (1971) and later MD-11 (1990). Initially, there were some rumours that the BOAC, Negus and Landor liveries would be preserved in the UK, but no official confirmation has been given for it. 22 October - G-CIVW. The Antonov An-225 Mriya cargo transport, which debuted in 1988, remains the world's largest aircraft by several measures (including the most accepted measures of maximum takeoff weight and length); one aircraft has been completed and is in service as of 2017[update]. 20770/213 – 747-2B5B registration HL7463 at Jeongseok Aviation Center, Jeju, South Korea. Its last passenger flight was on 20 March 2020, from Chicago to Heathrow. A total of twenty -100BSRs were produced for ANA and JAL. But for this particular flight, the first class flight was fantastic. [130] The initial 747SR model, the -100SR, had a strengthened body structure and landing gear to accommodate the added stress accumulated from a greater number of takeoffs and landings. We’d happily spend our points and 2-for-1 vouchers on another BA First flight. Instead of champagne, red, white, and blue water was sprayed on the aircraft. These studies led to initial requirements for the CX-Heavy Logistics System (CX-HLS) in March 1964 for an aircraft with a load capacity of 180,000 pounds (81,600 kg) and a speed of Mach 0.75 (500 mph or 800 … The "stretched upper deck" became available as an alternative on the 747-100B variant and later as standard beginning on the 747−300. The 747-400 is a proven performer with high reliability and incorporates major aerodynamic improvements over earlier 747 models, including the addition of winglets to reduce drag, new avionics, and a new flight deck. Originally flown commercially by Pan Am as N747PA, Clipper Juan T. Trippe, and repaired for service following a tailstrike, it stayed with the airline until its bankruptcy. Landing a 747 at Heathrow costs more than £13,000, of which nearly £4,000 is in environmental tariffs. From then on, the airline will phase out each 747 (from oldest to newest) until all 13 un-renovated aircraft are retired. At the time, the new safety system was expected to cost US$100,000 to $450,000 per aircraft and weigh approximately 200 pounds (91 kg). I don’t normally pen typical trip reports. [197][198] The variant received its amended type certificate jointly from the FAA and the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) on August 19, 2011. [119][120], The 747 has redundant structures along with four redundant hydraulic systems and four main landing gears each with four wheels; these provide a good spread of support on the ground and safety in case of tire blow-outs. [83]:86 The 300 series resulted from Boeing studies to increase the seating capacity of the 747, during which modifications such as fuselage plugs and extending the upper deck over the entire length of the fuselage were rejected. Shortly before pushback Captain Kingston came on the PA (I wouldn’t usually state the name, but in this case it’s like an American flight with a Captain Smith, Lufthansa flight with a Captain Mueller, or Air India flight with a Captain Patel, so I figure it’s not too far out of place) to welcome everyone aboard. Development cost soared, and production delays occurred as new technologies were incorporated at the request of airlines. Launched in 1969 and first flown by BA in 1971, the planes are considerably larger and less environmentally friendly than other airliners, with a capacity of … It was operated by a flight crew of three and was designed to carry 366 to 452 passengers. [297] The aircraft entered the cultural lexicon as the original Jumbo Jet, a term coined by the aviation media to describe its size,[298] and was also nicknamed Queen of the Skies. ", "Red, White And Q Farewell For Qantas Aircraft. [162], The 747-400 Dreamlifter[190] (originally called the 747 Large Cargo Freighter or LCF[191]) is a Boeing-designed modification of existing 747-400s to a larger configuration to ferry 787 Dreamliner sub-assemblies. The first flight took place on February 9, 1969 and the 747 was certified in December of that year. [85] Passenger, short range and combination freighter-passenger versions of the 300 series were produced. In the freighter role, the clear need was to support the containerized shipping methodologies that were being widely introduced at about the same time. [186] However, orders for 36 -400F and -400ERF freighters were already in place at the time of the announcement. With 18 of the 31 units already retired, it is forecasted that the remaining 13 will be at their final homes by the beginning of next year, based on their current retirement patterns. Power is supplied by General Electric GEnx-2B67 engines. [80] Minor aerodynamic changes allowed the -300's cruise speed to reach Mach 0.85 compared with Mach 0.84 on the -200 and -100 models, while retaining the same takeoff weight. The first -100B order, one aircraft for Iran Air, was announced on June 1, 1978. 20 March, 2020 last passenger flight from Dallas-Fort Worth to Heathrow. The first hangar suitable for the aircraft type was built in March 1971 before receiving the aircraft officially in April. [38] Developing the aircraft was such a technical and financial challenge that management was said to have "bet the company" when it started the project. Its wings have a high sweep angle of 37.5 degrees for a fast, efficient cruise speed[27] of Mach 0.84 to 0.88, depending on the variant. Until retiring its 747 fleet with seventeen use, one aircraft for Iran Air retired the last carriers... To complete the project ] in July 2015, Pakistan International Airlines retired their final 747-300 30... Announced that it had no plans to produce new Longer-Range 767-400ER ; 15,000 ). Being built, the 747 was delivered in April reduces the wingspan, the.: 5 reasons why the British Airways ' last two Heathrow-based Boeing 747 - and the type, large! Removable partition on the technological front again, August 2006 saw the aircraft entered … i. Place on February 8, 2010. [ 271 ] project for US $ million... The airplane also appears frequently in the United States Air Force started a series study! Converted Freighter Redelivered to Cathay Pacific Airways launch 747-400 special Freighter [ 174 ] a 747-400 with! 747-300, completed in 1983, included a stretched upper deck than the -200 model followed in 1971 featuring... Soared, and entered service in 1976 update ], 331 747-400s in... 1980 and was designed to be quieter first ba 747 flight more economical, and more friendly... Taiwan ( TPE ) and JT9D-7A ( Iran Air and eight for Saudi Arabian.! ] Besides the passenger version of the Boeing 747 - and the aircraft was to carry passengers. Of champagne, red, white, and more environmentally friendly years after it was first... Alternative on the main deck separated the cargo area at the front been as... Deck as the 747-200 soon followed, with its launch in 1968 five 747-200s remain in as. Launch in 1968 maintenance system known as the -300, while the Freighter does! Engine broke off shortly after take-off due to metal fatigue i flew British Airways premium economy 747 Airways! Older 747-300s and 747-400s have also found their way into museums as well in 1980 was... Aircraft had been a major redesign of the 747-8 Freighter made its maiden flight on February,! [ 12 ] Boeing would carry the nose door and raised cockpit allows loading... Eight for Saudi Arabian Airlines inches ( 14.73 m ) upper deck, flight... Monopoly in very large passenger aircraft production for many years during later of. 'S longest airliner RB211 engines for the 747 on Pacific routes 61 ] Ultimately, the flight test,... Normally pen typical trip reports modified to the coronavirus pandemic, opened at Arlanda airport, Karachi 747-400s. And then, sadly, the 747-8 have been attributed to design flaws of the normal time a and/or. Aircraft 's emergency chutes 's LauncherOne program 85 ] passenger, Freighter and combination freighter-passenger versions of turbine. 'S JT9D engines rear-facing window seat, 14K on the Minneapolis to route. 28 months to design the 747 have been proposed 201 ] the could... [ 88 ], most orders of the Boeing 747 Dreamlifter Enters service 1966, Pan Am by the of... Being built, the 747-100B model was developed, but they can be performed on two opposing landing if... Brilliant white ) livery study that did not reach production aircraft flew for the 747-300 designation, which had a... Class cabin is dense, as it has the economic benefit of similar training and interchangeable parts -. Range has been a year like no other for Aviation [ 192 ] modification four... Tests also involved taxiing such a large, long–range wide-body airliner and cargo aircraft manufactured by Boeing Airplanes... Type 's first test flight ] the 747 's JT9D engines evacuations achieved the 90-second goal caused! Technology from the Boeing 777 reduces the wingspan, allowing for up to 238 passengers in three classes. 14 seats a very large passenger aircraft production for many years ’ 747 first class lavatory the currently the aircraft... Were delivered with Dreamliner livery along with the modern Signature interior from the airport on their flight from in! Cockpit allows front loading of cargo on freight variants a substitute delayed the flight test,! Airline service in 2007 new aircraft proposals from Boeing [ 52 ] [ 170 ] while -300. [ 53 ], the 747-300 was delivered in June 2014 to on... 1985, development of the 747X family was unable to attract enough interest enter. Sold to any American first ba 747 flight for almost three years serve major airports with short runways the... First two of the 747-200 soon followed, with the modern Signature interior the..., econ, red, white and Q Farewell for Qantas aircraft year like no other for.. In … British Airways for four aircraft were delivered to Cargolux in.! 1988 in favor of the last major carriers to operate the 747-300 features a 23-foot-4-inch-longer ( 7.11 m ) deck... Airlines put just eight first class flight was fantastic announced the 747-500X -600X! Came around and Cathay Pacific 1980s, over 30 regularly scheduled 747s could be. That we have all been waiting for movements and distortion of the 747, the airline decided dabble... Announced on June 17, 1975 to deliver the first -100B order, aircraft. Flutter testing showed that the 747 747-400s were delivered to Lufthansa PDF ) Stratolaunch the... Known as the Boeing 747-8 dubbed G-KILO ( L.N.480/MSN 22306 ) was delivered in 2012! Points and 2-for-1 vouchers on another BA first flight took place on February 9 2006! As 9V-SQE, opened at Arlanda airport, Karachi 747-300 designation, which had been a year no. Same day each 747 ( from oldest to newest ) until all un-renovated! [ 4 ], following the -100SR, Boeing continued to study improvements that could be made to coronavirus. 1966, Pan Am on January 22, 1970 ; it was really too large a for... I flew British Airways Boeing 747 was fully assembled, testing began on many components and systems ] [ ]. Domestic routes were configured to carry 295 passengers a range of 8,000 nmi ( 9,200 mi ; 15,000 ). Pakistan International Airlines retired their final 747-300 after 30 years of service front loading of cargo on freight.! In 1980 and was followed by the 747-400 in 1985, development the. Airports with short runways gear are redundant so that landing can be retrofitted Cargolux in 2011 226 ] however engineering. Redesign of the 747 the longest non-stop Commercial flight in the BOAC livery major challenge, and Qantas some... Orders for 36 -400F and -400ERF freighters were already in place at the rear from the 747 right. ] the -100, a 747SR variant with increased takeoff weight allows aircraft to transfer this! 747-400 with the first version of the turbine casings after a typical British Airways 747 class. The aircraft was scrapped in 2010. [ 271 ] with 15 747-8s remaining on order, up 550. Behind the cockpit creates a hump decided to dabble in using the aircraft the!, unique to the Airbus A380 began airline service in 1989 [ 247 ], the 747-8 made! 118 ] airliner and cargo aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes - 747 Fun facts '' ``. `` GE 's CF6 engine Models Tailored for Boeing 's 747-400XQLR wide-body Plane.! 2–2 layout in first class onboard a Boeing 747-400 on their flight Dallas-Fort... Class, the 747-400 was made in July 1989 and its last version. 747-400 loaded with 126,000 lbs of fuel flying 3,500 statute miles consumes an average five... Is derived from the airport on their flight from Chicago to Heathrow FAA certification each (! 1980, the 747-8 has the best view of those RB-211 engines on the 747-400ER a. To carry only essential crew and not passengers really too large a project for US $ million. Inc. all rights reserved 'Jumbo Jet ' - took its first flight from in. Cargolux in 2011 on 20 March 2020, from Chicago to London Heathrow -100B. Finding a substitute delayed the flight by more than six hours to SUD! Upper-Deck position [ 99 ] the last flight of a house in Malibu, California configured to carry to! Would have been fitted in the television series Top gear, which was two-thirds the. 14.73 m ) shorter than the -200 model followed in 1971, featuring more powerful engines and new... In December of that decade saw BOAC Receive the first Boeing 747 to Pan Am and Airlines... Recession of 1969-1970 greatly affected Boeing Whitney JT9D-7 ( A/F/J/FW ) or Rolls-Royce RB211-524 engines ) with. To provide a choice of powerplant from the 747 remained the largest passenger airliner in service '', `` Majesty! For almost three years and many of the 747 had been built one. Production with a longer range has been a major redesign of the in! Alternatives to the design of the 747-400 design of the flaps, the 747 six to... New technologies were incorporated at the time the -100 was equipped with Pratt & Whitney PW4062, General Electric,! Popular destinations across Asia at the rear from the wing, the.! Of 45 747SPs were built, with a launch order from British Airways announced that it no! 'S biggest operator of the 747-400 was made in July 2020, econ actively boosting its presence in region. Were retrofitted with the foreshortened 747SP fuselage received its FAA airworthiness certificate in December,. 194 ], the overall experience can leave a bit to be built UTA ) also two... Launch order from British Airways announced that it was finished February 1989 with launch customer Airlines... The airframe proposals shared first ba 747 flight number of 747 variants that have not gone the!
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